Frequently Asked Questions

What is LipiData?

Originally developed for Australian Lipizzaner breeders, LipiData is a comprehensive and credible source of pedigree information for all Lipizzaner owners, breeders, and enthusiasts.

LipiData contains the pedigrees of thousands of Lipizzaners globally, verified against authoritative stud books, with many pedigrees having traceability back to the foundation stallions.

Although this site oringally had an Australian focus, much work has been undertaken to add pedigrees of modern European horses with the view of making LipiData a truly global database.The creators of LipiData firmly believe that the information required for informed breeding should be easily and freely accessible and are committed to positive outcomes for the Lipizzaner horse. This is why LipiData’s pedigree database will never require a subscription, fee, or membership of a breed association.

What do the colours in a pedigree indicate?

Where a pedigree contains common ancestors, each one is assigned a colour and all occurrences will appear in that colour. For example, if horse A appears multiple times in a pedigree, it might be coloured red each time it appears, while horse B, which also appears multiple times, might be coloured blue each time it appears.

Should I be concerned if my horse has a large number of colours in its pedigree?

The Lipizzaner studbook is a closed studbook, which means no outside blood can be introduced - a purebred Lipizzaner must be the progeny of other purebred Lipizzaners. Inbreeding and/or line breeding are common, and can be measured by the coefficient of inbreeding (COI) displayed in the bottom-left of the horse pedigree page. Australian Lipizzaner breed associations recommend a COI of less than 5%, however, the circumstances and genetics of each horse is unique and higher COIs may be acceptable.

My Lipizzaner isn’t listed. Can I have them included in LipiData?

Yes! Submit your horse using our online submission form. All submissions must have evidence attached, and will be manually reviewed by the LipiData team. Please remember LipiData is run by volunteers so your horse might take some time to appear on the site.

I am involved in a Lipizzaner breed association. Can I use LipiData to manage my registrations and administration of my association or stud farm?

Yes, you can. LipiData has been developed with breed associations and stud farms in mind. LipiData has the capability to digitize and streamline much of the registration process, whilst storing information safely and securely. Among its features, LipiData can automate the printing of registration certificates and pedigrees, removing the need for manual input. Additionally, LipiData can handle all of your administrative functions by allowing your members to submit payments, forms (such as mare returns, stallion returns and membership forms), and update their details through an online membership portal. Please contact us to discuss your needs.

I am writing a stud book. Can LipiData help me?

Yes, LipiData can help you create a stud book for your stud farm or association. Provided all horses for inclusion in your stud book are listed in LipiData's database, LipiData can help you easily create a professional, accurate and consistent stud book. LipiData generated stud books can include:

  • Pages branded with your logo
  • Horse information such as UELN, date of birth, height and breeder
  • Mare family and stallion line
  • 5 generation pedigree
  • Table of progeny
  • Special request information

Contact us to discuss your needs.

What stud books do you verify pedigrees against?

If a pedigree has been verified against one or more stud books, this will be indicated on the pedigree. LipiData has consulted from the following records and stud books:

  • Asociaţia Crescătorilor Particulari De Cal Lipiţan Din România Stud Book Volume II
  • Australian Lipizzaner Registry Inc records
  • Bundesgestüt Piber records
  • Federation Francaise du Lipizzan records
  • Lipizzan Assocation of North America records
  • Lipizzan Stud Book of Territorial Breeding Republic of Croatia 2005
  • Lipizzaner Association of Australasia records
  • Lipizzaner Horse Society of Australia records
  • Lipizzaner Zuchtverband Deutschland Stutbuch Band IV
  • Magyar Lipicai Méneskönyv III. Kötet
  • Magyar Lipicai Méneskönyv Szilvàsvàradi Ménes III. Kötet
  • Matična knjiga lipicanaca Državne ergele Đakovo 1996-2016
  • Matična knjiga lipicanaca Hrvatskog centra za konjogojstvo – Državne ergele Lipik 1982-2010 Volumen I
  • Matična knjiga lipicanaca Državne ergele Lipik 2010-2015
  • Matična knjiga lipicanaca Državne ergele Lipik 2016-2020
  • Matićna Knjiga Lipicanskih Konja – Ergela Kelebija 1993 – 2008
  • Povijest Državne ergele Stančić 1919-1938
  • Slovenian Stud Book of Lipizzaners (Lipica) Volume II
  • Stud Book of Lipizzaners from Djakovo 1855-1997
  • Stud Book of Lipizzaners from Serbia, 2010 - Matićna Knjiga Lipicanskih Konja Ergele “Karadordevo” & Udruženja Odgaivaća Lipicanske Rase Konja Srbije
  • Szilva'sva'rad Stud Book
  • Verband der Lipizzanerzüchter in Österreich records

If you have other Lipizzaner stud books and are willing to share them with us, please contact us at

We prefer stud books in electronic format because these are easier to extract the data from. But we love receiving hard copy stud books too! Our postal address is:

GPO Box 1441
Canberra ACT 2601

What is a coefficient of inbreeding (COI)?

In simple terms, the coefficient of inbreeding (COI) tells us how inbred a horse is, based on how closely related its parents are. This is particularly important when selecting and breeding horses in a small genetic pool, as we are with Lipizzaners. Whilst it is possible when breeding to double up on ‘good’ genes and create a typey horse, it is also possible to double up on the ‘bad’ genes, resulting in the appearance of hernias, melanoma and other genetic defects.

In more technical terms, the coefficient of inbreeding is the probability that two alleles at a randomly chosen locus are identical by descent. Note that alleles may be identical for other reasons, but the inbreeding coefficient is just looking at the mathematical probability that the alleles have come from a common ancestor.

More information can be found at this webpage from the University of New England.

How does the kinship calculator work?

Once you enter the stallion, mare and number of generations, the pedigree information in LipiData is processed using the kinship2 R Package to calculate the kinship coefficient of the stallion and mare. The COI of a foal will be equal to the kinship coefficient of its parents.

Australian breeders may be familiar with BreedMate and its use in calculating COI in some of the Australian Lipizzaner population. The LipiData kinship calculator allows you to select the number of generations (N) used in the calculation. Note, if an ancestor appears within N generations, it is also included in the calculation if it appears again past N generations. This is consistent with the behaviour of BreedMate prior to version 4.6. To avoid confusion and promote consistency within the Australian Lipizzaner population, we have verified that LipiData and BreedMate always give the same COI over the same data.

We have noticed that BreedMate takes the parentage of the N-th generation into account (e.g. a COI over 5 generations will include information from the 6th generation). We have therefore built LipiData to do the same. If you are comparing LipiData to other breeding software and find that the COI is different, try reducing the number of generations in LipiData by one. If the COI is still different, it is likely because the pedigree information in LipiData differs from the pedigree information in other breeding software.

My hypothetical foal has a COI of 0.00%, but I can see commonalities in their pedigree?

Don’t worry, it’s not an error.

Some horses have many commonalities in their pedigree (displayed in LipiData using colours throughout the pedigree). However, crossing two horses that both display commonalities won’t necessarily result in a foal with a higher COI. This is because the COI is measuring the relatedness of the sire and dam. Provided that the sire and dam do not share the same commonalities, their progeny will have a very low COI - this is known as out-crossing. The opposite is also true - should sire and dam share commonalities, their progeny will have a higher COI.

To put it another way, two inbred horses that are completely unrelated to each other will have fully out-crossed progeny (COI of zero). Hence, it's possible to go from inbred to out-crossed in a single generation.

How many generations should I calculate a COI over?

The kinship calculator can calculate COI over any number of generations, on the proviso that LipiData contains data for that many generations (the kinship calculator will tell you this). However, the standard for calculation of COI in Australian Lipizzaners is over either 5 or 10 generations, with 10 generations providing the most accurate COI result. Therefore, it is recommended you note the COI for both 5 and 10 generations.

As it currently stands, Australian Lipizzaner breed associations recommend a COI of less than 5%, however, possible pairings are unique in circumstance and the recommended COI should be taken in conjunction with advice from breed associations, vets and other industry professionals.

How do I access the kinship calculator?

Click here!